How Apple and Google Formed One of Tech’s Most Powerful Partnerships | WSJ

CSO – – [Narrator] You’ve probably asked the question before. iPhone or Android? Apple Maps or Google Maps? Safari or Chrome? On the surface, Apple and Google represent the ultimate tech rivalry but behind the scenes, executives have maintained a multi-billion dollar partnership that benefits them both massively. – I would describe Apple and Google

As the classic example of frenemies. On the one hand, they’re fierce rivals, on the other hand, they benefit greatly from figuring out ways to work together. – [Narrator] Google pays Apple an estimated 8 to $12 billion a year or 1/3 of Alphabet’s annual profits to make sure it’s the default search engine

On more than a billion Apple devices. That deal has helped Google dominate the search market. In recent years, it’s accounted for 90 to 95% of search engine queries in the US. The deal between the two tech giants is so powerful that it’s at the center of one of the biggest US government lawsuits

Against a public company since the ’90s. So how did two of Silicon Valley’s biggest rivals come to form one of tech’s most valuable partnerships? To understand Apple and Google’s frenemy relationship, you have to go back to the beginning. – In the early days, they were quite close.

At the time, the CEO of Google was on Apple’s board. It was part of the Silicon Valley club, if you will. – [Narrator] In 2005, the two companies laid the groundwork for what would become one of the industry’s biggest deals. Google struck a deal with Apple

To become the default search engine for Safari on Mac computers. – As Apple evolved sort of the relationship, in 2007 when the iPhone came out, Google was then the default search for the iPhone, Safari browser and has really just grown and grown from that point.

– So Steve, I’ve had the privilege of joining the board and there’s a lot of relationships between the boards and I thought if we just sort of merged the companies, we could call them Applegoo. – As it became clear that Google was going to be more than just a search engine,

That it wanted to grow and that Apple was going to be a rival, that became an issue. – [Narrator] In 2008, Google directly challenged Apple’s business with the launch of its Android operating system. The next year, Google CEO Eric Schmidt resigned from Apple’s board. Since then, both companies have expanded

Into each other’s businesses with Google launching Android phones and Apple launching services like the App Store and Siri, which was originally powered by Microsoft’s Bing, not Google. – Search Wikipedia for Neil Armstrong. – [Siri] Searching for Neil Armstrong. – [Narrator] It wasn’t until 2017 that Apple switched from Bing to Google for its search results on Siri and Spotlight, the Mac search function. That renewed deal between Apple and Google came at a good time for both companies. Google was facing competition

From Facebook’s fast-growing mobile ad revenue and it’s new deal with Apple put its search results and ads on more than a billion Apple devices. Now up to half of Google searches come from Apple devices. – When you open up your iPhone, and go to Safari and write something

That you wanna search for, boom, you’re going to Google. And that’s a lot of value. – [Narrator] For Apple, the deal has benefited its business twofold. First, it got more consistent search results across Safari, Siri and Spotlight. But perhaps more importantly, the money it gets from Google’s ad revenue makes up 15

To 20% of Apple’s annual profits. That’s helped fund Apple’s ambitions to grow its services unit, which has driven growth for the company over the past few years. – Apple is like a store. It’s selling its shelf space, that premo shelf space. And so when you go into a store

And you see those candy bars right there at the register, that’s the place to be if you’re selling candy bars. And so for Google, they’re in that default spot. – [Narrator] Now all of that money and search traffic could be at risk because of this lawsuit.

In October, the US Department of Justice sued Google over antitrust concerns. The government is alleging that Google is a monopoly gatekeeper for the internet and it says that harms customers, advertisers and competing tech companies. One way the Justice Department says Google maintains its dominance is through exclusive business deals,

Like through its partnership with Apple. According to the lawsuit, some people at Google called the prospect of losing its default status on Apple devices code red. Google representatives said they weren’t aware of the code red language used in the lawsuit and neither Apple or Google have officially disclosed

The exact value of the deal or commented on the Justice Department’s eight to $12 billion projection. In a recent interview, the Journal’s personal tech columnist, Joanna Stern, asked Google’s former CEO about the deal. – There was ultimately a deal that I did not personally negotiate but it was a lucrative deal for Apple.

But important to say that with respect to Google, and with respect to use of Google search on Apple phones, it is extremely easy to switch to another provider. – [Narrator] Google has denied the Justice Department’s allegations and said it plans to challenge the lawsuit. Its chief legal officer said

The lawsuit wouldn’t help consumers and that its relationship with Apple is customary. Apple hasn’t officially commented on the lawsuit. So what happens if the Justice Department is successful in its case? – This could drag out for many years. This is an interesting situation. In some ways, if the DoJ is successful,

One of the companies that might be harmed the most here is Apple given the fact that they perhaps had 15 or 20% of their profit coming from this relationship. – [Narrator] Of course, there are other search engines out there, like Bing, DuckDuckGo, Baidu and Yandex but none of them even come close

To Google’s dominance. Some financial analysts say that if anyone can give Google a run for its money, it’s Apple, and the antitrust lawsuit might just be the push Apple needs to divorce itself from Google. – We don’t know exactly where Apple is going with its future plans here. Some have speculated

That potentially this would be a good reason for Apple to develop its own search engine. Others have said potentially they might buy a search engine to beef up that capability. One of the things we know about Apple over the years is that it likes to own its core competencies

So it could control those worlds. And so that’s always kind of hanging in the background. – [Narrator] Apple hasn’t responded to requests for comment on plans to create or purchase its own search engine. Still, a breakup of this multi-billion partnership between Apple and Google could deal a financial blow to two

Of the world’s biggest companies. And however this relationship plays out in the future has the potential to shape the way billions of people use the internet. – [Tim] As we see Congress and regulators debate the power of tech, this lawsuit is just yet another example of kind of that public debate

About their role in our future and in our society.

Apple and Google have one of Silicon Valley’s most famous rivalries, but behind the scenes they maintain a deal worth $8 billion to $12 billion a year according to a U.S. Department of Justice lawsuit. Here’s how they came to depend on each other. Photo illustration: Jaden Urbi

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43 thoughts on “How Apple and Google Formed One of Tech’s Most Powerful Partnerships | WSJ”
  1. Apple: Works with Chinese govt
    Google: Does not operate under Chinese supervision

    Apple: Even employees can't take pictures inside, forget visit by friends

    Google: Can visit it's office, at least for employees family and friends.

    Apple: Hidden codes,
    Google: Way more open

    MOST important: #getthessage
    Apple won't adopt RSC for messaging.

    So,
    Lots of LOVE for Google in comparison ❤️

  2. and between all the android phones how does the mobile phone sales compare to Apple and Google's?
    can honestly say android is way way way in front like Apple is way way way behind on features than android is

  3. Why are we thinking in the shoes of these billion trillion dollars company?
    We should think for ourselves, that more option is always good. And I see no reason that this lawsuit could be dismissed by court. 90% + of Internet is control by just one company, and this is a big problem that should be fixed.

  4. גוגל תכיל רשימות מאפל מיוזיק מלמעלה למטה בעיצוב יפה למשל חפש רשימת טיילור סוויפט עם מאות מיליוני רשימות ואפשר להאזין באפל מיוזיק או יוטוב. עם אפלקציות ארגוניות. ויהיו יותר רשימות באפל מיוזיק גם לפי שיר או דיסק או מדינות בארצות הברית ואחרות לפי מאיפה הגיע הזמר או להקה בפטנט באפל מיוזיק וגוגל.

  5. It isn’t about “most people will switch back”. The deal keeps Google safe and Apple revenue. If Apple decides to go into the business like Microsoft, Google will have another competitor. Every company knows, if someone can convince a seemingly impossible crowd to do something, it’s Apple.

  6. I don't think that the existing partnership between Apple and Google regarding Safari's default search engine will last : Apple's Spotlight has been growing real fast recently, to a point where I basically don't have to open Safari for 50% of my queries. In my opinion, Spotlight will eventually become a replacement for Alphabet's search engine on Apple devices..

  7. Google does not really pay Apple to be the default search engine on iPhone. Google pay to avoid Apple develop his own search engine. The problem with Google is 90% of their revenues came from ads on the search engine. Apple is probably the only one who can really compete Google on that, and Google want to avoid that.

  8. I think Google's product is strong and has a robust sense of confidence and familiarity from the general public. But I think it would be rash to assume this an unshakeable faith. Complacency is a disease, and if Google let up the pressure on their market cornering strategy it is only a matter of time before competitors flock to eat away at the pie.

    Honestly, what Google has more than anything, more than money, is power. The phrase "Gatekeepers to the Internet" is so salient because it shows what exactly makes Google special. It's hard to hold onto all that power forever.

  9. google spends a 1/3 of their profits to pay apple to be the default search engine on apple devices

    life changing tech can be used with that money.

    everyone uses google now. at this point, a deal is no longer needed. if bing was made default, people would just switch it back

  10. I HATE the department of justice everytime they see a too successful company they do everything they can to sabotage it. Just like forcing Microsoft to save Apple in 1997

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